9th Social science Unit 2 Assignment answer - History July month 2021

9th Social science Unit 2 Assignment answer - History July month 2021

Assignment

Class: 9 Subject: Social Science

(History)

Unit 2     Ancient Civilization Assignment Answer

Part – A

I.One Mark Questions

1.…………is the Gift of Nile.

a) Sumeria

b) Egypt

c) Mesopotamia

d) Babylon

Answer: b) Egypt

2.The Preservation process of dead body in ancient Egypt……….

a) Sarcophagus

b) Hyksos

c) Mummification

d) Polytheism

Answer: c) Mummification

3.‘An Eye for an Eye’ and ‘a Tooth for a Tooth’ is related to……..

a) Sumerians medicine system

b) Chinese Philosophy

c) Egyptians writing

d) Hammurabi’s code of Law

Answer: d) Hammurabi’s code of Law


4.The Harappans did not have the knowledge of……….

a) Gold and Iron

b) Horse and Iron

c) Sheep and Silver

d) Ox and Platinum

Answer: b) Horse and Iron

5.The Sorrow of China is ………….

a) Yellow river

b) Nile

c) Euphrates

d) Tigris

Answer: a) Yellow river

Fill in the blanks:

1.The king of Egypt was called …………

  • Answer: Pharaoh

2.Egyptians system of writing …………

  • Answer: hieroglyphic

3.………… was the master of archive keeper of Chou state, according to traditions.

  • Answer: LAO TZE

4.Mesopotamia is located between ………… and ………… Rivers

  • Answer: Tigris and persion Gulf

5.The Harappan cattle are called …………

  • Answer: Zebu

Part – B

II. Short Answer.

1.State the salient features of Ziggurats.

  • The fortified sumerian cities that the temples called ziggurates at its centres

2.Hammurabi’s code is an important legal document. Explain.

  • The Hammurabi code is an important legal document that specifies the laws related to various crimes. It has 282 provisions specifying cases related to family rights, trade, slavery, taxes, and wages

3.Describe the Chinese system of writing.

  • Chinese developed a writing system from an early time. Initially it was a pictographic system and later it was converted into a symbol form

4.Write about the fall of Indus valley civilization.

  • The Indus civilization and it urban features started declining from about 1900 BC. changes in climate, a decline of the trade with Mesopotamia and drying up or flooding of the river Indus, Foreign invasion were some of the reasons attributed to the collapse of this civilisation

5.Define Mummification.

  • The Egyptians had the tradition of preserving the dead bodies using Natron salt a combination of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate. The preservation process is called mummification.


Part – C

III.Write in detail.

1.Write about the hidden treasure of Indus civilization.

The Indus civilization also known as Harappan civilisation,covers an area of over 1.5 million square kilometers in India and Pakistan

Planned Towns

  • Fortification, well-planned streets and lanes and drainages can be observed in the Harappan towns
  • The harappans used baked and unbaked bricks and stones for construction

Agriculture and animal Domestication

  • The Harappan practiced agriculture, they cultivated wheat barely and various types of millets
  • Pastoralism was also known to them, They reared cattle, sheep and goats

Metal, tools, and weapons

  • The Harappan used chert blades, copper objects, and bone and ivory tools

Trade and exchange

  • The mention of Meluhha in the cuneiform inscriptions is considered to refer to the Indus regions
  • They worshipped pipal trees, some of the terracotta figures resemble the mother goddess
  • To what extent is the Chinese influence reflected in the fields of Philosophy and Literature.

  • (i) Chinese poets and philosophers such as Lao Tze, Confucius, Mencius, Mo Ti (Mot Zu) and Tao Chien (365-427 CE) contributed to the development of Chinese civilization. Sun-Tzu, a military strategist, wrote the work called Art of War.
  • (ii) The Spring and Autumn Annals is the official chronicle of the state at the time. The Yellow Emperor’s Canon of Medicine is considered China’s earliest written book on medicine. It was codified during the time of Han Dynasty.
  • (iii) Lao Tze (c. 604-521 BCE) was the master archive keeper of Chou state. He was the founder of Taoism. He argued that desire is the root cause of all evils.
  • (iv) Confucius (551-497 BCE) was famous among the Chinese philosophers. He was a political reformer. His name means Kung the master.
  • (v) He insisted on cultivation of one’s own personal life. He said, “If personal life is cultivated, family life is regulated; and once family life is regulated, national life is regulated.
  • (vi) Mencius (372-289 BCE) was another well-known Chinese philosopher. He traveled throughout China and offered his counsel to the rulers.

Part – D

IV.Activity

1.Identify the rivers that gave rise to civilizations based on the numbers given on the map of Asia

A. Mesopotamia–Euphrates & Tigris, Harappa – Indus, China-Yellow river,

Egypt – Nile.

B. China-Yellow river, Harappa – Indus, Mesopotamia – Euphrates & Tigris,

Egypt – Nile

C. China-Yellow river, Harappa – Indus, Egypt – Nile, Mesopotamia –

Euphrates & Tigris

D. Harappa – Indus, Egypt – Nile, Mesopotamia – Euphrates & Tigris, China-

Yellow river

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